Jul 23 , 2021
Our fur children depend on us for everything. It is important to understand that as a pet parent, you should recognize the sign of common skin problems in dogs. After all, you are responsible for healthy skin and coat and overall wellbeing of your pooch.
Dogs can suffer from mild to severe skin problems. Some of them require professional treatment to settle to prevent them from getting worse. Skin problems might indicate an underlying health condition that hasn’t been diagnosed. A skin condition that is left untreated can often become more serious and complicated.
To help you understand the most common skin problems that frequently impact dogs, we have come up with five of the most common skin conditions in dogs. Let's have a look at them:
Demodectic mange is an itchy skin infection caused by demodex mites. Demodex, a microscopic might, lives in the hair follicles of all dogs. In normal situations, a dog’s immune system keeps these mites and their population in check. The problem occurs when some pooches have a weak immune system and cannot keep the mite population controlled.
In localized mild cases, dog parents might notice a few dry, irritated, and hairless lesions. These patches often occur on the face or feet and may or may not be itchy.
Most cases of localized demodectic mange resolve over time, usually in a few months. Generalized demodectic mange, however, needs veterinary care and must be treated promptly. This will keep the problem from getting out of hand. Many dogs outgrow the disease while others require lifelong management.
Allergic dermatitis is the most common type of skin allergies in dogs. The most commonly affected areas of dogs are the belly, feet, skin folds, and ears. It is important to keep these areas of your dog properly cleaned.
Allergic dermatitis pose the risk of secondary infection as well. When a dog scratches, bites, or licks his skin, he risks opening up his skin to several infections. These infections may require further treatment.
Yeast dermatitis, caused by the fungus Malassezia pachydermatis, is an extremely common cause of inflammatory skin disease in dogs. The most common symptoms include irritated, itchy, inflamed, or discolored skin.
Yeast infection usually strikes the paws, skin folds, or ears, where yeast have a cozy space to grow. Always make sure you dry your pooch thoroughly after they get out of the water and keep excess hair trimmed to prevent yeast infection. These infections are easy to diagnose and usually respond well to a topical treatment.
Ticks and Fleas
Fleas and ticks can cause irritation and a wide variety of skin problems for your dogs. A dog's fur provides the perfect environment for fleas and ticks. Dogs can easily pick up fleas when outdoors.
When a flea or tick bites, it injects saliva into your dog’s skin. They feed on your dog’s blood and can cause health problems ranging from mild allergic reactions to serious illnesses. Ticks and fleas can carry other diseases as well. If you find a tick or flea on your dog, try to remove it as soon as possible.
Fleas are tiny parasites which can survive in our carpets and bedding for months. These parasites can rapidly infest your dog and irritate their skin. This leads to intense scratching and itching, which can cause hair loss.
Ringworm is a fungus that commonly infect hair follicles in dogs. It causes the affected hair shafts to break off at the skin line. Ringworm fungus feeds on the keratin that is found in the outer layers of your dog's skin.
Ringworm fungal infection appears roughly circular and appear as areas of hair loss. These crusty bald patches are often found on a dog’s head, paws, ears and front legs. Sometimes, the dog’s skin can become itchy and appear inflamed and red due to scratching. Ringworm fungal infection is highly contagious to other animals and humans.
if you spot any signs of irritation or infection, it's imperative that you contact your vet straight away. He may prescribe a topical treatment to prevent it from getting worse.
How to keep your dog's skin healthy?
Your dog needs healthy nutrition, regular exercise, a safe and comfy place to relax and sleep. These furry pals also need protection from extreme temperatures and cared for when they fall ill.
You can take the following steps to maintain your dog’s health:
- When you groom your fur buddy, check for allergies and rashes. Also, identify any signs of infection like redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin.
- Provide good nutrition and a complete balanced diet to your furry friend. Healthy diet will boost their immune system.
- Add omega 3 and omega 6 in your dog's diet to maintain healthy skin and coat conditions.
- Avoid feeding processed food that contains toxic chemical preservatives. They can have a bad effect on the dog’s skin and coat.
- Annual vet examinations are a key part of preventive care. These vet checkups give you a chance to track your dog’s skin and coat conditions.
- There are many commercial solutions for fleas control in dogs. You need to see which ones will work better in your case.
The responsibility of taking care of your four-legged member makes your life more meaningful. If your dog is showing any symptoms of the skin problems discussed, speak to your vet straight away for professional advice. Both mild and severe skin problems in dogs require a thorough examination. This will help your vet to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment plan.
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Stay tuned for more posts on pet grooming and much more!